Understanding the cpu id in multi-core system with hyperthreading

When you do experiment in multi-core system with Hyperthreading enabled, you may wish to set the cpu affinity to get different settings. Then, the first thing you need to know is the meaning of cpu id (here cpu id is actually the id of logic core) because you need to know which logical core are in the same cpu or which logic core are sharing the same physical core. We can get all these infomation from the /proc/cpuinfo. But we only need some relevant infomation to understand the cpu id, they are processor #, core id and physical id.

The processor # is the cpu id, each logic core has an unique processor #. The core id is the physical core id, each physical core has an unique core id. The logic cores that have same core id would share the same physical core. The physical id refer to the socket id, each socket has an unique physical id. The logic cores that have same physical id would be in the same cpu.

The command to retrive these data is: egrep “(( id|processo).*:|^ *$)” /proc/cpuinfo. Following is the sample output:

processor: 0
physical id: 0
core id: 0

processor: 1
physical id: 1
core id: 0

processor: 2
physical id: 0
core id: 1

Based on these infomation, you can understand the cpu id numbering. I draw a figure to show the relationship of cpu id in my system which use Intel(R) Xeon(R) CPU E5-2665: two sockets(cpus), each has 8 cores, each core can emulate 2 logic cores.

cpuid

 

BTW, when you want to check each logic core’s performance like cpu usage, you can easily use top command, after type top you then press 1, here is a example:

top

Reference:
http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3019129/cpu-ordering-in-linux-with-hyper-threading
http://www.richweb.com/cpu_info

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